Hillmen P, Xie J, Yong A, Waweru C, Sorof TA, Goyal RK, Davis KL. Real-world treatment patterns, adverse events and clinical outcomes in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia treated with ibrutinib in the UK. EJHaem. 2021 Mar 13.


Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is the most common leukaemia in adults in the UK. Ibrutinib, an oral Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor (BTKi) for CLL approved by the UK's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence in January 2017, represented a major shift in CLL management. Real‐world data on ibrutinib use in routine clinical practice will inform patients’ and physicians’ decision‐making. We conducted a retrospective medical chart review of UK patients with CLL who initiated ibrutinib between January 2017 and July 2018. Data for 259 patients were contributed by 34 haematology‐oncology specialists, with a median follow‐up duration of 16.7 months. Median age at ibrutinib initiation was 71 years. Ibrutinib first‐line monotherapy was prescribed in 20.1% of patients. Ibrutinib was permanently discontinued in 15.4% of patients, mostly owing to progressive disease. Adverse events (AEs) were reported in 151 patients (58.3%). The most common were bruising (19.3% of patients), cytopenias (17.0%) and diarrhoea (11.6%). Ibrutinib dose reduction was observed in 14.3% of patients and was temporarily discontinued in 10.4% of patients, with the main reason for both being toxicity. These results expand the real‐world evidence on ibrutinib therapy and demonstrate a high burden of AEs, highlighting the need for more tolerable BTKis.

Share on: