Ribera A, Marsal JR, Faixedas MT, Rosas A, Tizon-Marcos H, Rojas S, Labata C, Cardenas M, Homs S, Tomas-Querol C, Garcia-Picart J, Roura G, Masotti M, Mauri J, Pijoan JI, Barrabes JA, Ferreira-Gonzalez I, Codi IAM Investigators Investigators. Revascularized ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Temporal trends in contemporary therapies and impact on outcomes. Rev Esp Cardiol. 2021 Dec 6;S1885-5857(21):00323-6. doi: 10.1016/j.rec.2021.10.011.


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: To assess, in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent primary percutaneous intervention, the pace of introduction in clinical practice (2010-2017) of drug-eluting stents (DES), ticagrelor, prasugrel, and prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) duration, and their potential impact on the risk of 2-year outcomes.

METHODS: Prospective and exhaustive community-wide cohort of 14 841 STEMI patients undergoing primary percutaneous intervention between 2010 and 2017. Index episodes were obtained from the Catalan Codi IAM Registry, events during follow-up from the Minimum Data Set and DAPT were defined by pharmacy dispensation. Follow-up was 24 months. The temporal trend for exposures and outcomes was assessed using regression models.

RESULTS: Age> 65 years, diabetes, renal failure, previous heart failure, and need for anticoagulation at discharge were more frequent in later periods (P <.001). From 2010 to 2017, the use of DES increased from 31.1% to 69.8%, ticagrelor from 0.1% to 28.6%, prasugrel from 1.5% to 23.8%, and the median consecutive months on DAPT from 2 to 10 (P <.001 for all). Adjusted analysis showed a temporal trend to a lower risk of the main outcome over time: the composite of death, acute myocardial infarction, stroke and repeat revascularization (absolute odds reduction 0.005% each quarter; OR, 0.995; 95%CI, 0.99-0.999; P=.028). The odds of all individual components except stroke were reduced, although significance was only reached for revascularization.

CONCLUSIONS: Despite a strong increase between 2010 and 2017 in the use and duration of DAPT and the use of ticagrelor, prasugrel and DES, there was no substantial reduction in major cardiovascular outcomes.

 

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