Gilsenan A, Midkiff K, Harris D, Kellier-Steele N, McSorley D, Andrews EB. Teriparatide did not increase adult osteosarcoma incidence in a 15-year US postmarketing surveillance study. J Bone Miner Res. 2020 Sep 29. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.4188.

The Osteosarcoma Surveillance Study was initiated in the United States (US) in 2003 to monitor for a potential association between the osteoporosis treatment teriparatide and osteosarcoma. Osteosarcoma occurs at a background incidence rate of approximately 2.5 cases per million per year in US adults aged 40 years or older. For this study, incident cases of osteosarcoma diagnosed between January 1, 2003, and December 31, 2016, were identified through participating cancer registries in the US. Information on prior exposure to medications and possible risk factors was obtained by self-report (or proxy report) in telephone interviews. Exposure information was verified through medical record abstraction for a sample of patients. A standardized incidence ratio was estimated to compare the observed and expected numbers of osteosarcoma patients with a prior history of teriparatide treatment. Interviews were completed for 24% (1,173) of patients diagnosed with osteosarcoma between 2003 and 2016; three reports of teriparatide use before diagnosis were identified. Based on the background incidence rate, the expected number of osteosarcoma cases among patients treated with teriparatide was 4.17. Given the 3 observed cases, the standardized incidence ratio was 0.72 (90% confidence interval, 0.20-1.86). Demographic characteristics were similar for interviewed and noninterviewed patients. Agreement was > 90% between self-reported and chart-recorded exposure to osteoporosis medications. Mean age of interviewed patients was 61 years; 53% of patients were male, 84% were white, and 5% were Hispanic. The prevalence of suspected risk factors for development of osteosarcoma among the osteosarcoma cohort was 19% for history of radiation and 4% for history of Paget’s disease of bone. These findings showed that the incidence of osteosarcoma associated with teriparatide use during the 15-year surveillance period was no different than would be expected based on the background incidence rate of osteosarcoma.

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