Stander S, Zeidler C, Pereira M, Szepietowski JC, McLeod L, Qin S, Williams N, Sciascia T, Augustin M. Worst itch numerical rating scale for Prurigo Nodularis: a psychometric evaluation. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2021 Dec 15. doi: 10.1111/jdv.17870.


BACKGROUND: Study TR03 evaluated the safety and efficacy of nalbuphine ER for prurigo nodularis (PN) (NCT02174419).

OBJECTIVE: We conducted supplementary analyses to assess the psychometric properties of the Worst Itch Numeric Rating Scale (WI-NRS), the TR03 primary endpoint.

METHODS: Study TR03 was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 trial in PN patients with documented scores ≥5 on the WI-NRS (0 [no itch]-10 [worst itch imaginable]) on ≥5 of 7 days before baseline. Using TR03 data, the WI-NRS's psychometric properties, including reliability, validity, and ability to detect change, were evaluated. A responder threshold was estimated to facilitate interpretation of WI-NRS score changes.

RESULTS: Among 62 treated patients, improvements in mean [SD] (median) WI-NRS scores were observed between baseline (8.2 [1.21] (8.1)) and Week 10 (5.8 [2.43] (6.0)). The WI-NRS had an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.96 (95% confidence interval, 0.93-0.98) in 42 patients who had stable Itch verbal rating scale (VRS) scores from Week 9-10, supporting strong test-retest reliability. Construct validity was supported, with strong correlations at Week 10 with Average Itch NRS (r=0.87) and Itch VRS single-day/weekly mean scores (r=0.81/0.89) and moderate correlations with ItchyQoLTM total/domain scores (r=0.41-0.43). The WI-NRS discriminated between predefined severity subgroups based on the Itch VRS and detected changes in itching severity (effect-size estimate: -2.05; standardized response mean: -1.21). An anchor-based threshold based on a two-category improvement in the single-day Itch VRS suggests a responder threshold of ≥3.8 points (~40% improvement).

CONCLUSIONS: The WI-NRS demonstrates good measurement properties, supporting its use in evaluating treatment change in PN.

Share on: